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On June 28 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand – heir to the throne of the mighty Austrian-Hungarian Empire – was assassinated in Sarejevo. That event is considered the catalyst for the start of World War 1. However, from the late 19th century tensions throughout Europe were high as the macro-politics of the region played out. Sarejevo’s location in Bosnia put it at the strategic heart of the ongoing push and pull of the European empires. The great European alliances had been mobilized and “The Great War” began.
This was to be the “war to end all wars”. Alas, history has proven otherwise.
Australia’s entry into World War 1 coincided with the British declaration of war on Germany on August 14, 1914. Germany had launched an invasion on France through the previously unaligned Belgium, with whom Britain has a mutual defence pact.
The first significant Australian act of war was on 17 Sept 1914 when the Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Forces took possession of New Guinea, which had been under German control. However, the engagement that is credited as shaping the Australian national identity like no other was the infamous landing on 25 April 1915 and subsequent eight month campaign at Gallipoli ( in latter-day Turkey) where our troops had been despatched by their British commanders to help deal with the territorial aspirations of the Ottoman Empire.
Post Gallipoli the AIF Light Horse brigade remained in the Middle East and North Africa to defend the strategically important Suez canal and then onwards with the British into Palestine, Lebanon and Syria. The infantry division progressively transferred to the battlefields of France and the associated horrors of the many battles on the European Western Front. Over forty thousand Australians were killed or injured on the Western Front alone.
Approximately sixty-five million men marched to this war and over eight million never returned. More than fifty percent of all soldiers were wounded. From the fledgling Australian nation of less than five million people, nearly four hundred and twenty thousand Australian men enlisted for battle, of whom more than sixty thousand were killed and one hundred and fifty-six thousand wounded, gassed or taken prisoner. This war affected communities deeply and permanently.
Australian enlistments represented nearly forty percent of the male population aged between eighteen and forty-four years of age. Anecdotally, we also know that many younger or older men misrepresented their birthdates to enlist. This left a huge void at home but Australian women volunteered in droves for service in auxiliary roles such as cooks, drivers, munitions workers and farm workers. Nurses were welcomed into the armed forces and served near the front lines in Egypt, France and Germany but applications from women for overseas service from other professions were generally refused.
World War 1 effectively ended with the signing of an armistice on 11 November 1918. When news of the armistice reached Australia late in the day on November 11, 1918, celebrations around the nation were exuberant. The streets of Melbourne were thronged with crowds who climbed on trams, waved flags and made as much noise as they could with songs, firecrackers and musical instruments.
November 11 continues to be recognized annually as Remembrance Day or Armistice Day, with 11 am being the universal time for a one minute reflective silence…. the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month.
Read why Woodlea continues to be one of the fastest growing communities in Australia - thanks for the special mention Melton & Moorabool Star Weekly!
It's Refugee Week & with an aim of educating, understanding & celebrating everyone around us we have a dream to create a community of solidarity. This week provides us with an opportunity to acknowledge the rich diversity of refugees, asylum seekers & displaced people within Australia. Share with us how you will be celebrating this week #withrefugees
Direct access to Caroline Springs is one step closer for our residents with Phase 2 of Taylors Road opening earlier this week. The third and final stage of this exciting project which includes a bridge crossing over the Kororoit Creek is due for completion in 2020 making Caroline Springs a short 5km drive away!
Come down & support the teams this Sunday morning for their first game of the winter season. Proudly supported by Woodlea, this competition will be held each Sunday at Frontier Reserve. Aintree Cricket Club are still seeking players - to enquire contact them through their page for more info.
Have you heard....Woodlea's Public Primary School is scheduled to open in 2021! This is just another, of a vast array of education options within our community. Read more below.
A Pooches Paradise is coming to Woodlea! Due to popular demand our first ever dog park is under construction & expected to open by the end of the year. With plenty of green open space & custom play equipment this park is sure to be a huge hit with your furry friends. Read on for more information.
**ROCKBANK TRAIN STATION CLOSURE** Due to scheduled demolition works by Public Transport Victoria at Rockbank Train station - we have made changes to our usual daily Shuttle Bus Services from 24 June - late August. The buses will now run to & from Caroline Springs at alternate times listed in the below link. Please ensure that you plan ahead & allow extra time to arrive at your destination on time.